How to Become a Loan Officer

A loan officer helps people obtain loans from banks and other financial institutions. Loan officers typically work in the banking industry.

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Loan officers have a significant impact on the economy. They help people buy homes and cars, finance education and small businesses, and purchase other items on credit.

Becoming a loan officer usually requires completing a formal education and training program. Some programs may be completed in as little as four months, while others may take up to two years. Once you have completed your educational requirements, you will likely need to obtain a state license in order to work as a loan officer.

Here are some steps that you can take to become a loan officer:

1) Earn a high school diploma or equivalent. Although not required, completing some college coursework can give you an advantage when competing for loan officer jobs. Consider taking classes in business, economics, accounting, or mathematics.

2) Complete a formal education and training program. Many community colleges offer certificate or degree programs in lending that can be completed in one to two years. These programs typically include coursework in economics, business law, accounting, and financial analysis. Some programs also include an internship component that gives you hands-on experience working as a loan officer.

3) Obtain state licensing. Most states require loan officers to be licensed. To become licensed, you will likely need to complete a background check and pass an exam that covers state laws and regulations governing the lending industry.

4) Stay up-to-date on industry changes . The lending industry is constantly changing, so it’s important to stay abreast of new developments . You can do this by reading industry publications , attending conferences , or taking Continuing Education Units (CEUs).

What Does a Loan Officer Do?

Loan officers help people procure loans for everything from purchasing a home to financing a small business. They work in banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions. Loan officers must have excellent communication and people skills, as they often work directly with customers. They must also be able to think critically and make sound financial decisions.

Loan officers typically need at least a bachelor’s degree in finance, economics, or a related field. Many loan officers complete on-the-job training programs. Some loan officers may earn professional certification to demonstrate their knowledge and skills.

The median annual salary for loan officers was $63,740 in May 2019. Employment of loan officers is projected to grow 5 percent from 2019 to 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Competition for jobs should be strong because fewer students are completing degrees in finance and banking than in the past.

Steps to Becoming a Loan Officer

Most loan officers need a bachelor’s degree and receive on-the-job training. Mortgage loan officers must be licensed. Steps to becoming a Loan Officer include: completing a bachelor’s degree program, on the job training, obtaining a license and completing continuing education courses.

Step One: Research the Position

If you want to become a loan officer, the first step is to research the position. This means learning about the duties, responsibilities, education requirements and job outlook for loan officers. You can find this information from a variety of sources, including the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), professional organizations such as the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) and online job postings.

Step Two: Meet the Minimum Education Requirements
The next step to becoming a loan officer is to meet the minimum education requirements. In most cases, this means holding a bachelor’s degree in finance, business administration or a related field. Some employers may prefer or require candidates to have a master’s degree in business administration (MBA) with a concentration in finance.

Step Three: Complete On-the-Job Training
Most loan officers complete on-the-job training before or after they are hired by a financial institution. During this training period, loan officers learn about the specific products and services offered by their employer, as well as company policies and procedures. They also receive guidance on how to build relationships with clients and assess their financial needs.

Step Four: Obtain Certification
Although it is not required, some loan officers choose to obtain certification from professional organizations such as the Mortgage Bankers Association or National Association of Mortgage Brokers. Certification can demonstrate proficiency in the field and provide career advancement opportunities.

Step Five: Consider pursuing advanced education
Loan officers who wish to stand out among their peers may consider pursuing advanced education such as a master’s degree in business administration with a concentration in finance. Those who want to continue their education but do not have the time or resources for a traditional degree program may opt for an online certificate program in loan origination or mortgage banking.

Step Two: Consider Getting Licensed or Certified

After you have a few years of experience under your belt, you may want to consider getting licensed or certified. The requirements for licensing vary by state, but in general, you’ll need to take a written exam and complete a certain number of hours of continuing education each year. Some states also require that loan officers participate in bonding programs and maintain errors and omissions insurance.

While licensure is not required in all states, many employers prefer to hire loan officers who are licensed. And being licensed may give you an edge when you’re competing for jobs.

If you decide to pursue licensing, the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) offers a Certified Mortgage Banker (CMB) designation, which is recognized in almost all states. To earn the CMB designation, you must have at least three years of experience as a loan officer and complete a series of courses offered by the MBA.

Step Three: Develop the Required Skills

“The skills that loan officers need can be acquired through on-the-job training, but most employers prefer to hire applicants who have completed a formal education program in finance, business administration, or a related field. Many loan officers complete an internship while they are still in school to gain practical experience in the field.

Loan officers must be able to read and comprehend complex financial documents and analyze creditworthiness. They also need excellent communication and customer service skills to build relationships with clients and answer their questions. Math skills are important for calculating interest rates and repayment terms. Finally, loan officers must be detail oriented to avoid errors.”

Step Four: Find a Job

The final step in becoming a loan officer is finding a job. Fortunately, there are many opportunities for loan officers in a variety of settings. Banks, credit unions, and mortgage companies all employ loan officers, and many of these organizations are always looking for qualified candidates.

It can be helpful to start your job search by reaching out to your network of contacts. Personal connections can be a great way to get your foot in the door at a company. If you don’t know anyone who works in the industry, you can also search for jobs online or through job placement agencies.

Once you’ve found a few potential positions, it’s time to start applying. The process of applying for a loan officer position is similar to other types of jobs. You will likely need to submit a resume and cover letter and go through one or more rounds of interviews.

If you have followed all of the steps outlined above, you should have no trouble landing a job as a loan officer. Once you have found employment, you can begin working towards becoming a certified loan officer if you so choose.


In conclusion, becoming a loan officer entails completing the necessary post-secondary education, completing on-the-job training, and passing any required exams. Many loan officers also choose to become certified. With the right mix of skills and experience, loan officers can find rewarding careers in a variety of settings.

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