# How to Calculate Loan to Value Ratio

How to Calculate Loan to Value Ratio
Loan to Value Ratio is a financial term used by lenders to express the ratio of a loan to the value of an asset purchased. The asset is usually a vehicle, home, boat, or piece of equipment.

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## Introduction

The loan-to-value ratio is a financial term used by lenders to express the ratio of a loan to the value of an asset purchased. The LTV ratio is one of the key risk factors that lenders assess when qualifying borrowers for a mortgage. A higher LTV ratio suggests more risk because the assets served as collateral for the loan are worth less than the loan itself.

For example, if you’re buying a \$100,000 home with a \$10,000 down payment, you’re borrowing \$90,000 and your LTV ratio would be 90%. If you’re refinancing your home and have a loan balance of \$90,000 on a home worth \$100,000, your LTV ratio is also 90%. In both cases, you have a very high loan amount relative to the value of your property, which represents a higher risk to the lender in the event that you default on your loan.

When qualifying for a mortgage, lenders will typically require that your LTV not exceed 80%. That means that in our examples above, you would need to either make a larger down payment or find a different property altogether if you wanted to get approved for financing.

There are several reasons why lenders are concerned about high LTV ratios. First and foremost, it increases the chances that they will lose money if you default on your loan and they have to foreclose on your property. In addition, borrowers with high LTV ratios are more likely to experience negative equity – meaning they owe more on their mortgage than their home is currently worth – which can make it difficult or impossible to sell or refinance their property in the future.

If you’re hoping to get approved for a mortgage with a low interest rate and favorable terms, keeping your LTV ratio below 80% is a good place to start.

## What is Loan to Value Ratio?

Loan to value ratio is a financial term used by lenders to express the ratio of a loan to the value of an asset purchased. The asset is usually a piece of property, such as a home, and the loan is usually a mortgage. A high loan to value ratio indicates that the loan amount is high relative to the value of the asset, which may make it more difficult to repay the loan.

## How to Calculate Loan to Value Ratio?

When you’re shopping for a mortgage, you’ll likely hear the term “Loan-to-Value” or “LTV” thrown around. Your Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV) is the percentage of the value of the home you’re looking to purchase that you will need to finance with a loan. It’s important to understand your LTV because it will affect the size and terms of the loan you’re approved for. It will also affect your down payment and the mortgage insurance you’ll pay. In this article, we’ll explain everything you need to know about LTV and how to calculate it.

### Determine the appraised value of the property

The first step in calculating your loan-to-value ratio is to determine the appraised value of the property. An appraisal is an unbiased estimate of the true (or fair market) value of what a home is worth. All lenders order an appraisal during the mortgage loan process in order to assess the home’s market value and make sure that the amount they’re lending you isn’t more than the home is worth.

If you are refinancing your home, you may be able to avoid ordering a new appraisal by getting a “no cost” refinance instead. With a no cost refinance, you can roll the appraisal fee into your mortgage loan so you don’t have to pay it out of pocket up front.

### Determine the outstanding loan balance

The loan to value ratio is a financial term used by lenders to express the ratio of a loan amount to the value of the asset purchased. The asset can be commercial or residential property, and the purchase can be for a primary residence, second home, or investment property.

You can calculate the loan to value ratio on your own by dividing the loan amount by the appraised value or sales price of the property. If you are taking out a second mortgage, you will also need to factor in the outstanding balance of any other loans secured against the same asset.

For example, if you are taking out a \$100,000 mortgage on a home that is appraised at \$200,000, your loan to value ratio would be 50%. If you then took out a \$25,000 home equity loan on the same property, your combined loan to value ratio would increase to 62.5%.

Lenders use loan to value ratios as one way to assess risk when considering a loan application. A higher ratio indicates greater risk because it means that there is less equity in the property should the borrower default on the loan. In general, lenders are more likely to approve loans with lower ratios and may require borrowers with high ratios to make a larger down payment or purchase private mortgage insurance.

### Divide the outstanding loan balance by the appraised value

Loan to Value Ratio is a financial term used by lenders to represent the ratio of a loan to the value of an asset purchased. The asset could be commercial or residential property, a vehicle, or any other high-value item.

The ratio is calculated by dividing the outstanding loan balance by the appraised value of the property. For example, if you have a loan balance of \$80,000 and the property is appraised at \$100,000, your LTV ratio would be 80%.

A high LTV ratio represents more risk to the lender because they have lent a larger amount of money in relation to the value of the property. If the borrower defaults on the loan, the lender may have difficulty recovering their investment. For this reason, loans with high LTV ratios often have higher interest rates and require greater scrutiny from lending officers.

Conversely, a low LTV ratio indicates that the borrower has invested more money in relation to the loan amount and represents less risk to the lender. Loans with low LTV ratios are often given more favorable terms such as lower interest rates and relaxed eligibility requirements.

## Conclusion

Now that you know how to calculate loan to value ratio, you can use this information to make smart choices about your mortgage. If you have a high LTV ratio, you may want to consider refinancing to get a lower interest rate. You may also want to put down a larger down payment to reduce your LTV ratio and get a lower interest rate. Whatever you do, make sure you understand your loan to value ratio and how it affects your mortgage interest rate.