How to Apply for a Home Equity Loan

Applying for a home equity loan is a process that can take several weeks. In this blog post, we’ll walk you through the steps on how to apply for a home equity loan so that you can be prepared.

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Research home equity loan options

A home equity loan is a type of loan that uses the value of your home as collateral. This means that if you default on the loan, the lender can seize your home. Because of this, it’s important that you research your options carefully before applying for a home equity loan. In this section, we’ll cover how to research home equity loan options so that you can make the best decision for your needs.

Consider interest rates, fees, and terms

When you begin shopping for a home equity loan, keep in mind that rates, fees, and terms can vary significantly from lender to lender. The interest rate is the cost of borrowing money, and your APR (annual percentage rate) is the annual cost of interest plus fees. Make sure you compare these numbers when shopping for a home equity loan so you can find the best deal.

Fees may include an application fee, origination fee, appraisal fee, and closing costs. Some lenders may also charge a prepayment penalty if you pay off your loan early. Make sure you understand all the fees associated with your loan before you sign any paperwork.

In addition to rates and fees, also pay attention to the terms of your loan. Most home equity loans have a term of five to 30 years, but some lenders may offer shorter or longer terms. You’ll also want to consider whether you want a fixed-rate or variable-rate loan. A fixed-rate loan has an interest rate that stays the same for the life of the loan, while a variable-rate loan has an interest rate that can change over time.

Compare fixed-rate and variable-rate loans

When considering a home equity loan or line of credit, one of the first decisions you’ll need to make is whether you want a fixed-rate or variable-rate loan.

A fixed-rate loan features an interest rate that remains the same for the entire repayment period. This means your monthly payments will stay the same for the life of the loan, making it easier to budget for your monthly expenses.

A variable-rate loan features an interest rate that can change over time. This means your monthly payments could go up or down depending on market conditions, but generally speaking, variable-rate loans start with a lower interest rate than fixed-rate loans.

Determine the loan amount you need

To figure out how much of a home equity loan you can qualify for, subtract the balance of your home’s current mortgage from:
The appraised value of your home
The last sale price of your home, if it’s worth less than its appraised value
For example, if your home is worth $250,000 and you owe $150,000 on your mortgage, you have $100,000 in equity. So the most you could borrow would be $80,000. ($100,000 x 0.8 = $80,000.)

Gather the required documents

Applying for a home equity loan is a fairly straightforward process, but there are a few things you need to do in order to get started. First, you need to gather all of the required documentation. This includes things like your most recent tax return, pay stubs, and bank statements. You will also need to have a good idea of your credit score. Once you have all of this information, you can begin filling out the application.

W2 forms or pay stubs

In order to apply for a home equity loan, you will need to provide proof of your income and employment history. Most lenders will require you to submit W2 forms or pay stubs from the past two years in order to verify your income. If you are self-employed, you may need to provide additional documentation, such as tax returns, in order to prove your income.

Tax returns

One of the first things most lenders will ask for when you apply for a home equity loan is your tax returns. They’ll use these to verify your income and calculate your debt-to-income ratio.

Be sure to have copies of your Returns ready to hand, as well as any other documentation the lender requires.

Mortgage statements

Your lender will request your most recent mortgage statement. This document will outline your current loan details, including your interest rate, remaining loan balance and monthly payment amount. In some cases, your lender may request statements for any other outstanding loans on the property.

Apply for the loan

A home equity loan is a type of loan in which the borrower uses the equity of their home as collateral. Equity is the difference between the appraised value of the home and the balance of the mortgage. It can be used for home improvements, debt consolidation, or other expenses.


If you’re comfortable applying for your home equity loan online, many lenders will give you the option to do so. You’ll typically need to provide information about your property, income, debts, and financial goals, and then you can review the loan’s terms and submit your application. Some online lenders may also require you to upload documents or sign your loan agreement electronically.

In person

You can apply for a home equity loan in person at a bank or credit union branch. The process is similar to applying for a conventional loan, but you’ll need to provide additional documentation about your equity stake in the property.

To complete the application, you’ll likely need:
-Your most recent tax return
-W-2 forms for the last two years
-Pay stubs from the last three months
-A list of your monthly debts and expenses
-Proof of homeowners insurance

By phone

If you prefer to talk to someone about your loan options and application, you can call
1-888-OUR-BANK to speak with a home equity specialist. You can also visit a local branch and talk to a banker about your loan options.

Wait for approval

The first step is to get approved for a home equity loan. Applying for a loan can be done online, over the phone, or in person. The lender will then look at your credit score and credit history to determine if you’re a good candidate for a loan.

Loan approval process

It can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks to get approved for a home equity loan. The process generally includes the following steps:

1. You’ll need to submit an application to the lender, which will include information about your income, debts, and the value of your home.
2. The lender will order a home appraisal to determine the value of your property.
3. Once the appraisal is complete, the lender will review your application and make a decision on whether or not to approve your loan.
4. If you’re approved for the loan, you’ll then need to sign some paperwork and agree to the terms of the loan.
5. Once everything is finalized, the lender will disburse the funds to you in one lump sum or in installments, depending on your agreement.

Loan denial process

Unfortunately, not all loan applications are approved. If your home equity loan application is denied, you’ll receive a loan denial letter explaining the reason for the decision. The most common reasons for denial are:

– poor credit history
– insufficient income
– high debt-to-income ratio
– insufficient equity in the home

If your application is denied, you may still be able to get a home equity loan from another lender. However, you’ll likely need to improve your credit score, reduce your debt-to-income ratio or make a larger down payment to qualify.

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