- Accounts Receivable
- Prepaid Expenses
- Unearned Revenue
- Accounts Payable
A credit balance in which of the following accounts would indicate a likely error? Find out the answer and more best practices here.
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Accounts receivable is an account that represents money owed to a company by its customers. A credit balance in this account would indicate that the company has more money owed to it than it currently has on hand, which could be a result of an error.
Sales on account
A credit balance in the Accounts Receivable account would indicate that the company has more money owed to it (by its customers) than it owes to others.
Cash receipts from customers
A credit balance in the cash receipts from customers account would indicate a likely error. This is because the account is used to track money that is owed to the company by customers, and a credit balance would mean that the company owes money to the customer.
Allowance for doubtful accounts
An allowance for doubtful accounts is a contra asset account that is a reduction to the gross receivables. The balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts is an estimate of the receivables that will not be collected. The estimation process uses both historical data (companies with similar characteristics) and management’s best judgment.
A credit balance in the Inventory account would indicate that there is an error in the recording of inventory. This could be due to a number of reasons, such as misplacing inventory, counting errors, or recording errors. If you find a credit balance in your Inventory account, you should investigate the cause and make the necessary corrections.
Cost of goods sold
The cost of goods sold account is one of the most important accounts on the income statement because it represents the company’s major expense for selling its products or services. A higher cost of goods sold means that a company’s products are less profitable, and a lower cost of goods sold indicates that a company’s products are more profitable.
The cost of goods sold is calculated by taking the beginning inventory and adding purchases, then subtracting the ending inventory. The result is the cost of inventory that was sold during the period.
If the cost of goods sold is less than expected, it could be due to several factors:
-The company purchased its inventory at a lower than expected price.
-The company produced its own inventory, and the production costs were lower than expected.
-The company overestimated its ending inventory, which would artificially inflate the cost of goods sold.
If you see a credit balance in the purchases account, this is likely an error. A credit balance in this account would indicate that you have paid for goods or services that you have not yet received. This could be because you were invoiced for the wrong amount, or because you paid for something twice. If you see a credit balance in this account, you should investigate further to determine the cause and make corrections as necessary.
A credit balance in the transportation-in account would normally indicate an error since this account is not used in recording inventory but rather in recording the cost of goods sold.
Prepaid expenses are expenses that have been paid in advance and are not yet due. Examples of prepaid expenses include rent, insurance, and office supplies. If a company has a credit balance in its prepaid expenses account, it means that it has paid for expenses that have not yet been incurred. This can be an indication of an error because the company has paid for something that it has not yet used.
Rent expense is a prepaid expense, which means it is an expenditure that has been paid in advance. The rent expense account is a credit balance and would indicate a likely error if the amount was overstated.
Prepaid expenses are assets and appear on the balance sheet. They represent money that has been paid in advance for goods or services that have not yet been received. An example would be if a company paid its annual insurance premium in December, but the policy doesn’t begin until January. The full premium would be reported as a prepaid expense on the December 31 balance sheet, and then would be charged to expense on a monthly basis over the following 12 months.
Prepaid expenses are initially recorded as assets because they represent future economic benefits that have been paid in advance. However, because these benefits will eventually be used up, they are classified as current assets if it is expected that they will be used within one year, or as long-term assets if it is expected that they will be used after one year.
In order to accurately reflect the company’s financial position, prepaid expenses must be periodically adjusted to reflect the portion of the asset that has been consumed during the period. This adjustment is called an accrual. For example, if a company pays its insurance premium in December for a policy that runs from January 1 to December 31, at the end of December, one-twelfth of the asset should be charged to expense, with the remaining 11/12ths carried forward as a prepaid asset on the balance sheet. This monthly accrual ensures that the asset is reported at its correct value on the balance sheet and that the correct amount of expense is recognized on the income statement.
Wages expense is an account that is used to record the salaries and wages that are paid to the employees of a company. If the company has a credit balance in this account, it would indicate that the company has overpaid its employees and needs to correct the error.
Accounts receivable can result from many different types of transactions including the sale of services and the sale of merchandise. When a customer buys something from a business on credit, the customer is essentially taking a loan from the business. The business owner projects that the customer will pay the loan back within a certain period of time, and the business records the loan in the accounts receivable section of their ledger.
Service revenue is unearned revenue when it is received in advance of the services being performed. This can happen when a customer pays for a service that will be provided in the future, such as a pre-paid service contract. In this case, the service revenue is recognized as earned when the services are provided.
If service revenue is recorded as earned when it is received, instead of when the services are provided, it would create a credit balance in the service revenue account. This would indicate that there is unearned revenue on the books, which would be an error.
Unearned revenue is a credit balance in which of the following accounts would indicate a likely error? This can occur when interest revenue is posted to the wrong account.
If your organization reports rent revenue as earned when the tenant pays rent in advance, you will have a credit balance in the rent revenue account. This is because the amount of revenue that has been earned (that is, used to pay expenses) is less than the amount of revenue that has been received. This situation is called unearned revenue.
While unearned revenue is not necessarily an error, it could be an indication that your organization is not using accrual accounting. Accrual accounting requires that you report revenue when it is earned, not when it is received. Therefore, if your organization uses accrual accounting and has a credit balance in the rent revenue account, this could be an indication of an error.
Accounts payable is a credit balance in the accounting records of a company that represents the amounts that the company owes to its suppliers and creditors. This is a liability account that appears on the balance sheet. A credit balance in the accounts payable account indicates that the company owes money to its creditors.
Purchases on account
If you purchase merchandise on account, the vendor’s invoice is entered into your books as a Accounts Payable (A/P) liability. When the merchandise is received, you record a Accounts Receivable (A/R) transaction. When you pay the vendor, you reduce your A/P balance by recording a check.
Assuming you have correctly recorded all of your transactions, your A/P balance should always agree with your vendor’s records. If it doesn’t, there may be an error in one or more of your transactions. For example, if you paid a vendor but didn’t record the check in your books, your A/P balance would be too high. Conversely, if you forgot to record the vendor’s invoice, your A/P balance would be too low.
In addition to reviewing your transactions for errors, you should also review your A/P balance periodically to ensure that it agrees with your vendors’ records. If it doesn’t, investigate the discrepancy and take corrective action as needed to maintain accurate books.
Cash payments to suppliers
If there is a credit balance in the accounts payable account, it indicates that the company has paid more to its suppliers than it actually owes them. This could be the result of an error, such as a double payment, or it could be intentional, such as if the company has decided to prepay some of its supplier invoices. In either case, the credit balance should be investigated further to determine the cause and to make sure that no errors have been made.
Notes payable is a credit balance in the Accounts Payable account. This usually indicates that there are invoices that have not been paid.