What Is the Jumbo Loan Limit?

If you’re looking to finance a home purchase that exceeds the conventional loan limit , you’ll need to take out a jumbo loan. But what is the jumbo loan limit, and how do these loans work? We’ll break it down for you.

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A jumbo loan is a type of mortgage designed to finance luxury homes or those in highly competitive real estate markets. Limits for these loans vary by location but it typically refers to a mortgage that exceeds the conforming loan limit, which is $484,350 in 2019 for most parts of the United States.

What is a Jumbo Loan?

A jumbo loan, also known as a non-conforming loan, is a loan that does not conform to the guidelines set by the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA). Jumbo loans are available in both fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgage options.

The most common type of jumbo loan is a fixed-rate mortgage, which means that the interest rate and monthly payments are fixed for the life of the loan. Adjustable-rate jumbo loans have interest rates that can increase or decrease over time, depending on market conditions.

Jumbo loans are available with both conventional and government-backed financing. Conventional jumbo loans are not insured or guaranteed by the federal government and typically require higher credit scores and down payments than government-backed loans. Government-backed jumbo loans, such as FHA and VA loans, are insured by the federal government and have more flexible eligibility requirements than conventional jumbo loans.

The maximum loan limit for a conventional jumbo loan is $4 million. The maximum loan limit for a government-backed jumbo loan is $6 million. Jumbo loans above these limits are known as super jumbo loans.

Jumbo loans are typically used to purchase high-end homes, investment properties, or vacation homes. If you’re looking to finance a luxury home or an investment property, a jumbo loan may be right for you.

Jumbo Loan Limits

For home buyers in expensive real estate markets, a jumbo loan can help them finance properties that exceed the conforming loan limit. In most U.S. counties, the conforming loan limit is $484,350. However, in high-cost areas like San Francisco and New York, the limit is much higher. In these counties, the limit is $726,525.

Conforming Loan Limits

On November 27, 2020, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) raised the conforming loan limits for loans backed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to $822,375. The previous limit of $765,600 had been in place since 2019.

The new limits apply to loans with origination dates on or after January 1, 2021 and will remain in effect through December 31, 2021.

What is a conforming loan?
A conforming loan is a mortgage that meets the guidelines set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) purchase mortgages from lenders and package them into securities that are then sold to investors. To qualify for purchase by the GSEs, loans must meet certain standards, including maximum loan amount.

The maximum loan amount for a conforming loan depends on the state and county in which the property is located. In most states, the limit is $548,250. In high-cost areas like New York City, Los Angeles, and San Francisco, the limit is higher: $822,375.

What is a jumbo loan?
A jumbo loan is a mortgage that exceeds the conforming loan limits set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Jumbo loans are more expensive for lenders because they are riskier; if a borrower defaults on a jumbo loan, the lender may not be able to sell the mortgage to recoup its losses. For this reason, jumbo loans typically have higher interest rates than conforming loans.

How do I qualify for a jumbo loan?
In addition to having a higher maximum loan amount than a conforming loan, you’ll need excellent credit and a large down payment to qualify for a jumbo loan. Lenders also typically require that you have reserve funds equal to several months’ worth of mortgage payments in case you experience financial hardship in the future.

High-Cost Area Loan Limits

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) sets the jumbo loan limit for single-family homes each year. As of 2020, the limit was $510,400 in most counties across the U.S., an increase from $484,350 in 2019. In high-cost areas of the country, the FHFA allows loan limits to be even higher.

In these areas, the 2020 jumbo loan limit was $765,600, an increase from $726,525 in 2019. The FHFA determines high-cost areas by looking at home prices in each county and applying a formula that takes into account local median income and median home prices. If you live in a high-cost area and are considering a jumbo loan, be sure to check with your lender about any special requirements or higher limits that may apply.

How to Get a Jumbo Loan

Jumbo loans are available in a variety of settings, including both fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgages. In general, you can expect to pay a slightly higher interest rate for a jumbo loan than you would for a conventional loan. But the spread between the two has been narrowing in recent years, and some lenders now offer very competitive rates on jumbo loans.

The best way to get started is to contact a few different lenders and compare their rates and terms. You can also use an online mortgage calculator to estimate your monthly payments and see how different loan amounts would impact your budget.

When You Need a Jumbo Loan
Jumbo loans are typically used when you’re buying a luxury home or an investment property that is not eligible for conforming loan financing. Conforming loans have dollar limits that change every year, and they are generally much lower than the limit for jumbo loans.

For 2019, the limit for conforming loans is $484,350 in most parts of the country but jumps to $726,525 in high-cost areas like San Francisco and New York City. Any loan amount that exceeds this limit is considered a jumbo loan.

How to Qualify for a Jumbo Loan
Qualifying for a jumbo loan is generally similar to qualifying for a conforming loan, but there are some key differences. For one thing, you’ll need to have very good credit — most lenders require a credit score of 700 or higher — and ample income to support the large loan payments.

You’ll also need to provide documentation of your assets, which can include everything from bank statements and investment account statements to proof of any other real estate holdings you may have. Lenders will want to see that you have enough cash reserves on hand to cover several months’ worth of mortgage payments in case of an emergency.

Once you’ve gathered all the necessary documentation, it’s time to start shopping around for the best jumbo loan terms. Be sure to compare interest rates, fees and repayment terms before choosing a lender.

Benefits of a Jumbo Loan

Jumbo loans are ideal for homebuyers looking to purchase a luxury home or borrowers who need to finance a property that doesn’t fit within the conventional loan limit. Some of the benefits of a jumbo loan include:

-Access to more competitive interest rates- since jumbo loans are not as common as conforming loans, lenders typically offer higher interest rates for these loan products.
-Larger loan amounts- if you need to borrow a large sum of money to finance your home purchase, a jumbo loan may be right for you.
-Flexible qualification criteria- since jumbo loans are not backed by government agencies, each lender may have different qualification standards. This means that you may be able to qualify for a jumbo loan even if you wouldn’t qualify for a conforming loan.

Drawbacks of a Jumbo Loan

Jumbo loans generally carry a slightly higher interest rate ranging from 0.25% to 0.50%, depending upon credit market conditions. Qualification guidelines are also generally more stringent for jumbo loans than for conforming loans. minimum credit score requirements will vary by lender, but 700 is a common score needed to qualify for a Jumbo mortgage. Maximum debt-to-income ratios are usually limited to 38% or less. Lenders may also require a large cash reserve – typically 12 months of housing payments – in addition to the down payment and other closing costs.


In summary, the jumbo loan limit is the maximum amount that you can borrow for a home purchase. The limit varies depending on the location of the property and the type of property being purchased. If you are looking to purchase a property that is above the jumbo loan limit, you will need to get a private loan or obtain financing from another source.

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