What is the Difference Between a Loan and a Grant?

The difference between a loan and a grant can be confusing, but it’s important to understand the distinction before you apply for funding. Here’s a quick rundown of the key differences between loans and grants.

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A loan is a form of financial aid that must be repaid with interest, whereas a grant is a form of financial aid that does not need to be repaid. Loans usually have to be repaid within a certain time frame, whereas grants do not.

What is a loan?

A loan is a form of financial aid that must be repaid, with interest. Loans are available from a variety of sources, including the federal government, state government, colleges and private lenders such as banks or credit unions.

The federal government offers two types of loans — need-based and non-need-based. Need-based loans are awarded based on your demonstrated financial need, as determined by information you provide on your Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA®) form. Non-need-based loans don’t require a FAFSA form but may have other eligibility requirements, such as being enrolled in a degree or certificate program at least half time.

The interest rate on federal student loans is usually lower than the interest rate on private loans. You don’t have to begin repaying your federal student loans until after you leave college or university or drop below half-time enrollment. And, if you can’t afford the payments when they’re due, you can usually defer repayment or get a forbearance—a temporary postponement or reduction in payments.

How do loans work?

Loans are a type of financial aid that must be repaid, with interest. Grants, on the other hand, are awarded based on financial need and do not have to be repaid.

There are two types of loans available to students: federal and private. Federal student loans are made through the U.S. Department of Education and have fixed interest rates and terms. Private student loans are made by banks or other lenders and often have variable interest rates and terms.

Federal student loans have several benefits over private student loans, including fixed interest rates, income-driven repayment plans, deferment and forbearance options, and loan forgiveness programs. Private student loans generally have fewer consumer protections than federal student loans.

You should always exhaust your federal student loan options before taking out a private student loan. You can learn more about the types of financial aid available to students on our website.

What are the benefits of taking out a loan?

There are a few benefits to taking out a loan:

-You can get the money you need quickly
-You can use the money for anything you need
-You will not have to pay taxes on the money you borrow

What are the drawbacks of taking out a loan?

There are a few things to consider before taking out a loan, such as:
-How much you can afford to borrow
-The interest rate
-The repayment schedule
-Whether you qualify for a government loan

Taking out a loan is a big responsibility, so it’s important to understand the drawbacks before making a decision. Some of the risks associated with loans include:

-You may end up paying more in interest than you originally borrowed.
-If you miss payments, you may damage your credit score.
-You may be required to provide collateral, which could be seized if you can’t repay the loan.


A grant is a form of financial aid that does not need to be repaid, whereas a loan is a form of financial aid that does need to be repaid. Grants are usually given by the government, a nonprofit organization, or a private foundation. Loans are usually given by banks, credit unions, or other financial institutions.

What is a grant?

A grant is a sum of money that is given to an individual, business, or organization for a specific purpose. Grants are typically given by governments, foundations, or corporations. Most grants are awarded on a competitive basis, with applicants submitting proposals outlining why they deserve the grant.

Grants can be used for a wide range of purposes, from starting a business to funding research. There are many different types of grants available, and each has its own eligibility requirements and application process.

Grants are typically awarded based on need or merit. Need-based grants are awarded to individuals or organizations who can demonstrate financial need. Merit-based grants are awarded to individuals or organizations who can demonstrate excellence in a specific area.

Grants are often tax-free and do not need to be repaid (although there may be some conditions attached to the grant).

How do grants work?

A grant is a type of funding provided by either the government or another organization to support a specific project or cause. Grants are typically given to organizations, not individuals, and can be used for a variety of purposes, including research, business start-ups, disaster relief, and more.

There are two main types of grants: federal grants and state grants. Federal grants are funds provided by the federal government to support specific projects or causes. State grants are funds provided by state governments to support specific projects or causes. Grants can also be provided by private organizations, such as foundations or corporations.

Applying for a grant can be a competitive process. Organizations typically have to submit an application that outlines their project or cause and how they would use the grant money. The organization will also have to provide supporting documentation, such as financial statements, budgets, and more. The organization will then be evaluated based on their proposal and supporting documentation. If the organization is approved for the grant, they will receive the funding which can be used for their project or cause.

What are the benefits of receiving a grant?

Grants are awarded to eligible applicants who demonstrate financial need and usually do not have to be repaid. Some grants are awarded based on academic achievement or special talents, while others may be need-based or offered as community service awards. Depending on the grant program, recipients may be required to maintain a certain grade point average, participate in community service or complete other activities in order to continue receiving funding.

What are the drawbacks of receiving a grant?

While grants can provide much-needed financial assistance, there are some drawbacks to receiving a grant. One downside is that you may have to repay the grant if you do not use it for its intended purpose. Additionally, you may have to meet certain requirements in order to keep the grant, such as maintaining a certain grade point average or remaining employed.

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