What Do Borrowers Use to Secure a Mortgage Loan? Check All That Apply

When you’re shopping for a mortgage loan, you’ll likely see a variety of options available. But what do borrowers actually use to secure their loan? Check out this list to find out.

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The Different Types of Mortgage Loans

There are several types of mortgage loans, each with their own set of pros and cons. Some common types of mortgage loans are fixed rate loans, adjustable rate loans, jumbo loans, and FHA loans. Borrowers will need to decide which type of loan best suits their needs.

FHA Loan

An FHA loan is a home loan that is insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). This type of loan allows for a smaller down payment (as low as 3.5%) and has more flexible credit requirements than most conventional loans. In addition, borrowers are not required to pay for private mortgage insurance (PMI).

VA Loan

A VA loan is a type of mortgage loan that is backed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). These loans are available to eligible veterans, active-duty service members, reservists, and certain surviving spouses. The VA does not issue the loans, but instead guarantees a portion of the loan amount to the lender. This guarantee protects the lender from loss if the borrower defaults on the loan. VA loans can be obtained from private lenders, such as banks or credit unions, or directly from the VA through its Veterans Benefits Administration’s Home Loans Program.

VA loans are an attractive option for borrowers because they typically offer lower interest rates than other types of loans and do not require a down payment. However, there are some caveats to consider before deciding if a VA loan is right for you. For example, all borrowers must pay a Veterans Administration funding fee, which can add to the overall cost of the loan. Additionally, not all properties will qualify for a VA loan—the home must be in good condition and meet certain safety requirements.


A USDA loan is a type of mortgage loan backed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). These loans are available to homebuyers with low incomes who do not live in designated high-cost areas and who meet certain other eligibility requirements. USDA loans can be used to finance the purchase or refinance of a home, and they can also be used to finance the construction, rehabilitation, or repair of a home.

Jumbo Loan

When a home costs more than the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac limits, it is referred to as a jumbo loan. Because lenders assume more risk with jumbo loans, they usually charge higher interest rates than on conforming loans and require a higher credit score. You may also have to make a larger down payment than you would with a conforming loan. The minimum down payment for a jumbo loan is 10 percent for loans up to $1 million and 20 percent for loans over $1 million.

How to Secure a Mortgage Loan

There are many options available to borrowers who are looking to secure a mortgage loan. Some borrowers may use their home equity as collateral, while others may use their savings or investments. Some borrowers may even choose to take out a personal loan to cover the cost of their mortgage loan.

Get Pre-Approved

A pre-approval letter from a lender is the strongest possible evidence of your ability to get a mortgage. By taking this step, you’ll know your price range and can narrow down your home search. With a pre-approval letter, you’ll have a better shot at having your offer accepted – and avoid the risk of being outbid by another buyer who isn’t as well prepared.

Find the Right Lender

When you’re ready to buy a home, the first step is finding the right lender. Mortgage loans are complex financial products, so you want to make sure you find a lender that’s a good fit for your needs. Here are some things to consider:

-How much experience does the lender have? You want a lender that’s knowledgeable and has a good track record.
-What types of mortgage loans does the lender offer? Make sure the lender offers the type of loan you’re looking for.
-What are the interest rates and fees? Get quotes from several lenders to compare rates and fees.
-How easy is it to communicate with the lender? You want a lender you can easily get in touch with when you have questions.
-Is the lender local or online? Some borrowers prefer working with a local lender, while others are more comfortable working with an online lender.

Once you’ve found a few lenders that seem like a good fit, it’s time to start shopping for a loan.

Consider Mortgage Insurance

Mortgage insurance is another product that can be used to secure a mortgage loan. Mortgage insurance is typically required when borrowers make a down payment of less than 20 percent of the home’s purchase price. Mortgage insurance protects the lender in the event that the borrower defaults on the loan.

There are two types of mortgage insurance: primary and secondary. Primary mortgage insurance is required by lenders and is typically paid by the borrower as part of the monthly mortgage payment. Secondary mortgage insurance is not required by lenders, but it may be purchased by borrowers to protect themselves in the event that they default on their loan.

The Bottom Line

Mortgage Loans Are an Important Part of the Home-Buying Process

Mortgage loans are an important part of the home-buying process, but they can be confusing. There are many different types of mortgage loans, and it can be difficult to know which one is right for you. This guide will help you understand the different types of mortgage loans available and how to choose the one that is right for you.

There are two basic types of mortgage loans: government-backed and conventional. Government-backed loans are insured by the federal government and tend to have more flexible terms than conventional loans. Conventional loans are not insured by the government and tend to have stricter terms.

There are several different types of government-backed mortgage loans, including FHA loans, VA loans, and USDA loans. FHA loans are available to borrowers with a credit score of 580 or higher. VA loans are available to eligible veterans and their spouses. USDA loans are available to borrowers in rural areas who meet income eligibility requirements.

Conventional mortgage loan options include conforming loans, jumbo loans, and portfolio lending products. Conforming loan amounts are limited to $484,350 for a single-family home in most areas (higher amounts are available in high-cost areas). Jumbo loan amounts exceed the limit for conforming loan amounts and can be as high as $5 million or more. Portfolio lending products are non-conforming loan products that may have higher interest rates and fees than conforming loan products but may be easier to qualify for if you have less-than-perfect credit.

When you’re ready to apply for a mortgage loan, be sure to compare offers from multiple lenders to ensure you’re getting the best deal possible.

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