How Often Does an Underwriter Deny a Loan?

If you’re considering applying for a mortgage, you may be wondering how often an underwriter denies a loan. While it’s impossible to say for sure, there are a few factors that can increase your chances of being approved. In this blog post, we’ll explore some of the most common reasons why underwriters deny loans and what you can do to improve your chances of being approved.

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Mortgage underwriting

It is not common for an underwriter to deny a loan. In fact, most underwriters will only deny a loan if there are major concerns with the borrower’s ability to repay the loan. However, there are a few things that can lead to a loan denial.

What is mortgage underwriting?

Mortgage underwriting is the process a lender uses to determine if a borrower’s loan application meets the company’s guidelines. During this process, the lender reviews the prospective home buyer’s credit history, employment history and current debts to decide whether to approve the loan.

Underwriters may require additional information or documentation from the borrower before approving the loan. If the underwriter denies the loan, the borrower can appeal the decision or try to find another lender who is willing to approve the loan.

What does the underwriter look for?

An underwriter is a loan officer who reviews your mortgage application and other supporting documents to determine whether or not to approve your loan. The underwriting process also includes a review of your credit history, employment history, assets, and debts.

Underwriters typically work for banks or other financial institutions, but they can also be employed by the government or private companies.

There are several reasons why an underwriter might deny a loan. The most common reason is that the borrower doesn’t have enough income to support the loan payments. Other reasons include:
-The borrower has poor credit
-The borrower doesn’t have enough money for a down payment or closing costs
-The borrower is self-employed and has difficulty proving income
-The property is located in an area where there is high risk of natural disasters

Mortgage underwriting process

When you apply for a mortgage, your lender will hire a third-party company to assess the risk of loaning you money. This company is called a mortgage underwriter. Mortgage underwriters review your financial history to determine whether or not you are likely to repay the loan. If they believe you are a high-risk borrower, they may deny your loan.


Most loan officers will tell you that the mortgage underwriting process is fairly straightforward: as long as you have all of your ducks in a row, your loan should be approved without any problems. But the truth is that even small hiccups can cause big delays–or even a complete denial–from your lender.

So what can you do to avoid problems during the underwriting process? The best thing you can do is to get pre-approved for your loan before you start shopping for a home. Pre-approval means that a lender has reviewed your financial information and believes that you are a qualified borrower. This step will give you a better idea of how much house you can afford and help to avoid any surprises later on.

Another thing you can do is to be honest and upfront with your loan officer from the very beginning. It’s important to disclose any factors that might affect your ability to repay the loan, such as a recent job loss or change in income. Honesty is always the best policy when it comes to applying for a mortgage.

Finally, remember that the underwriting process can take some time, so be patient! If everything goes smoothly, you should be able to close on your loan within 30-60 days. However, if there are any delays, it could take longer.


As you complete your mortgage application, your loan officer will send it along to a loan underwriter. It’s the underwriter’s job to make sure that you meet the guidelines for a loan program and that you have the ability to repay the debt.

The underwriting process can be as short as a few days, although usually it takes a week or so. Once your loan is approved, you’ll get a document called a commitment letter that outlines the loan program, interest rate, terms and conditions.

The underwriter will review your financial history, including:
– employment history
– current income
– credit scores and reports
– other debts
– assets
– tax returns

Loan processing

The loan processing stage is when your application is reviewed by a mortgage underwriter and agreed upon. It’s important to know that your underwriter may deny your loan even if everything in your application and documentation is perfect.

Underwriters are looking for any reason to deny a loan, so it’s important to know what they’re looking for. The most common reasons for loan denial are:

-Insufficient income: Your income must be high enough to cover not only the monthly payments on the loan, but also any other debts you have, as well as living expenses. If your income is too low, you’ll likely be denied.
-Unstable employment: If you’ve recently changed jobs or there’s otherwise something unstable about your employment situation, that could be grounds for denial. The underwriter wants to see that you have a steady job and a consistent income.
-Bad credit: This one is pretty self-explanatory. If you have bad credit, the underwriter will likely deny your loan.
-Too much debt: If you have too much debt relative to your income, that could be grounds for denial. The underwriter wants to see that you can comfortably afford the new loan payments on top of all your other debts.

If you’re denied during the loan processing stage, don’t despair. You may be able to get approved if you can address the issue that caused the denial. For example, if you’re denied because of insufficient income, you may be able to get a cosigner or apply for a different type of loan.


Underwriting is the financial process of assessing a potential borrower’s ability to obtain a loan and possibly insure it. The underwriter either approves or denies the loan based on their findings.

The underwriting process starts when the borrower submits a loan application to the lender. The lender then orders a report from a credit reporting agency, as well as an appraisal of the property if it is a home loan. The lender also verifies employment and income.

Once all of this information has been gathered, the underwriter reviews it to make a decision. If the loan is approved, the underwriter will provide a commitment letter to the lender outlining the terms of the loan. If the loan is denied, the underwriter will provide a written explanation of why.

In some cases, the underwriter may require additional information or documentation before making a decision. This is called a conditional approval. Once all conditions have been met, the loan will be approved and funding can be dispersed.


Post-closing is the final step in the mortgage underwriting process. Once all documents have been reviewed and signed, the loan is “settle” or “close”. The borrower will then need to make their first mortgage payment.

The post-closing department is responsible for ensuring that all documents are correctly recorded and that the borrower’s first payment is received. They will also monitor the loan for any early signs of delinquency.

Mortgage underwriting guidelines

Mortgage underwriting guidelines are constantly changing. As a result, it’s difficult to give a definitive answer to the question of how often underwriters deny loans. That said, we can look at some data to get a general idea. According to a report from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, underwriting standards have become stricter since the housing crisis.


Credit is one of the most important aspects of the mortgage underwriting process. Lenders will closely scrutinize your credit history to determine if you’re a reliable borrower who will repay your loan on time.

If you have a strong credit history, you’ll likely have no trouble getting approved for a mortgage. However, if you have poor credit, you may be denied a loan or given less favorable terms.

Underwriters will also take into account your employment history, income, debts and other factors when determining whether to approve your loan.


Employment is one of the key factors that underwriters look at when considering a loan application. Lenders want to see that you have a steady job and a good income, and they will usually require at least two years of employment history. self-employed borrowers may need to provide additional documentation, such as tax returns, to show their income.


Income is one of the main factors that underwriters consider when approving or denying a loan. Your income is your ability to repay the loan, and the underwriter will look at your employment history, pay stubs, W-2 forms and tax returns to get an idea of your financial stability.

In order to qualify for a mortgage, you’ll need to prove that you have a steady income. Lenders will typically ask for several months’ worth of pay stubs and tax returns to verify your income. If you’re self-employed, you’ll need to provide even more documentation to show that your income is stable.

Underwriters will also look at your employment history to make sure that you have a steady job. They may ask for a letter from your employer verifying your employment and salary. If you’ve been unemployed for a while or have had several jobs in the last few years, it may be more difficult to get approved for a loan.


A key component of the underwriting process is verifying that the borrower has the financial resources to repay the loan. The underwriter will review the borrower’s bank statements, investment accounts and other assets to get a clear picture of their financial picture.

In order to qualify for a mortgage, borrowers must have enough liquid assets to cover their down payment and any closing costs. The underwriter will also look at the borrower’s debt-to-income ratio to determine whether they can afford the monthly mortgage payments.

If the underwriter has any concerns about the borrower’s ability to repay the loan, they may require additional documentation or proofs of assets. In some cases, the underwriter may deny the loan outright.


Collateral is the security you offer to the lender for the loan. The value of the collateral is important, because it’s one of the things the lender will look at to determine whether or not to approve the loan. If the property is worth less than what you owe on it, the lender may not be willing to approve the loan.

Mortgage underwriting tips

Underwriting is the process a lender uses to determine if the risk of lending you money is acceptable. During the underwriting process, the lender will look at your credit score, employment history, and your income to decide if you’re a good candidate for a loan. Sometimes, an underwriter will deny a loan because the risk is too high.

Get a co-signer

One of the best ways to avoid having your loan denied is to get a co-signer. A co-signer is somebody who signs the loan with you and agrees to be legally responsible for the debt if you can’t make the payments.

The co-signer doesn’t have to be a relative – it could be a close friend or even a business partner. But whoever it is, they need to have good credit themselves. So if your own credit score is on the border of getting approved or not, having a co-signer with great credit could make all the difference.

Improve your credit score

One of the best things you can do to improve your chances of having your mortgage loan approved is to improve your credit score. Your credit score is a major factor in the mortgage underwriting process and the higher your score, the better.

There are a few things you can do to improve your credit score:
-Pay all of your bills on time, every time
-Keep your balances low on your credit cards
-Do not open new credit cards or close existing ones
-Do not apply for new loans or lines of credit
-Correct any errors on your credit report

If you have a solid history of paying your bills on time and keeping your balances low, you should see a noticeable improvement in your credit score.

Increase your down payment

Home buyers often ask, “How often does an underwriter deny a loan?”

Although it varies by loan type and lender, the answer, in short, is that denial rates have remained relatively stable over the years. In fact, according to Ellie Mae’s Origination Insight Report for October 2018, the overall loan denial rate for all loans was just 4.8%.

Here are some tips to avoid having your loan application denied:

-Increase your down payment. A larger down payment shows lenders that you have more “skin in the game” and are less likely to default on your loan.

-Pay down your debts. Lenders look at your debt-to-income ratio (DTI) when considering your loan application. A lower DTI signals to lenders that you’re a lower risk borrower.

-Improve your credit score. A higher credit score means you’re a lower risk borrower and will likely qualify for a better interest rate.

When an underwriter denies a loan

The underwriting process is one of the most important steps in the loan process. It is the underwriter’s job to make sure that the loan meets the guidelines set by the lender. If the loan does not meet the guidelines, the underwriter will deny the loan.

Common reasons for loan denial

There are a number of reasons why an underwriter may deny a loan. Some of the most common reasons include:

-The borrower doesn’t have a steady source of income.
-The borrower has a poor credit history.
-The borrower has a high debt-to-income ratio.
-The borrower doesn’t have enough money saved for a down payment.
-The property is in poor condition.
-The appraised value of the property is less than the expected value.

What to do if your loan is denied

If your loan is denied, it’s important to find out why. The underwriter may have found something in your financial history that caused concern, or there may be an issue with the property itself.

Once you know the reason for the denial, you can work on fixing the problem and reapplying for the loan. If your financial history is the issue, you may need to wait a year or two before reapplying. And if the problem is with the property, you may need to make some repairs or find a different property altogether.

In any case, it’s important to stay in communication with your lender and real estate agent throughout the process. They can help you navigate these waters and eventually get approved for a loan.

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